“JustLeadershipUSA, an organization dedicated to amplifying the voices of people most affected by incarceration, believes that NYU is complicit with our morally bankrupt criminal justice system when using criminal record-based application bans, which serve as a surrogate for race discrimination.  More than 175 years ago, Albert Gallatin, the distinguished statesman who served as secretary of the treasury under Presidents Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, declared his intention to establish “in this immense and fast-growing city … a system of rational and practical education fitting for all and graciously opened to all.” Arguably, Mr. Gallatin would turn over in his grave if he knew that NYU had adopted systemic barriers to access that serve as lifetime punishment for a specific group of Americans who have been systematically criminalized and subjected to second-class citizenship.”